Elizabeth Poe (Powe)
Essex Co. VA
d. Jun 20, 1767
Craven Co. SC
d. Jul 1818
Burke Co. NC
d. Oct 1776
killed by Indians at Pleasant Gardens NC
King & Queen Co. VA
d. Dec 21, 1783
b. Mar 1, 1738?
Orange Co. VA
d. Aug 31, 1817
Baton Rouge LA
Orange Co. VA
d. Jan 8, 1807
St. Martin Parish LA
b. before 1755
d. Sep, 1821
Burke Co. NC
The immigrant history of the White, Holloway and Loving familes is a mystery.
They may have known each other in Virginia. The forenames of all three families
indicate their early immigrant ancestors came over to Virginia, which included
what became the Carolinas, and not the Northern Colonies. A
Study of Forenames
compares the forenames of Roanoke Island and Puritan New England.
Roanoke Island, near the present
North Carolina and Virginia borders, was a settlement founded by a John White,
that supposedly vanished by the time White returned. The ancestry of John White
is not known but ship list arrivals to the Island contain persons named White and
Taylor. Recently (in 2015), evidence has been unearthed that indicates that Roanoke
Island settlers may have survived and moved inland.
James was most likely named for James Taylor (1635-1698), a wealthy and powerful
leader of King & Queen County, who owned land next to his grandfather,
Thomas White. On Oct 20, 1689 Taylor was involved
in a land patent of 209 acres in St. Stephen's Parish, "on the North side of
Mattapony River, beginning below James Taylor's plantation, ... to Thomas White's."
Dedication of Memorial Tablet to James Taylor,
June 6, 1933 at the King and Queen County courthouse.
King and Queen County Virginia was formed in 1691 from New Kent County.
Map of Virginia about 1676
shows the location of New Kent County between the York and James Rivers.
There are court records that survived from King & Queen County Virginia that
show that the Poe and White families lived in the part that became Caroline County
in 1758. In 1732 and 1733, a John Pickett was involved in trespass suits with
James and Benjamin Poe, probably Elizabeth's sister and the son of
Samuel Poe. Caroline County Virginia was formed
in 1727 (see present day map
for location), from northern and western parts of King and Queen, King William
and Essex counties, about the same time James and Elizabeth Poe were married.
About the time Elizabeth White is born, James Taylor White and Elizabeth Powe
homestead 217 acres Jun 26, 1749 on Gourd Vine Fork, Hazel River of
Thornton's line, in Culpepper Co. Virginia, according to Northern Neck Grants.
Caroline County Virginia was formed in 1728 from northern and western parts of
King and Queen, King William and Essex counties.
See map of Eastern Virginia in early 1700s.
See present day map
for location of Caroline County, and
present day map
for location of Essex County.
Culpeper County Virginia was formed in 1748
(see present day map
for location), and was bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. The
Rappahannock River forms one of its eastern boundaries.
Older son William married Sophia Davenport (1733?-1818?), and son James married
Jerushka Davenport (1744?-1785?). Sophia and Jerushka were daughters of
Thomas Davenport, (1711-1809).
By 1760, in Culpeper County, daughter Jane married
William Loving, and they would eventually become in-laws of
In Mar and Nov of 1757, James Taylor White was granted 300 acres in Peedee SC and
150 acres in Williamsburg Township, respectively.
[SC Archives, Columbia SC, Aug 1971, Council Journal No 26, p. 67, 79.
Referenced in Gifford White, James Taylor White of Virginia and ..., p.37].
The land granted in SC is in what was once Craven County, one of the three original
parts of the English colony of "Carolana". By 1760, the White family was attending the
Cashaway Baptist Church near the Pee Dee River just east of present-day Darlington SC.
1725 English Map of South Carolina
Province showing location of Craven County and the Pee Dee (Peede) River
flowing into the Winyah Bay (spelled "Weenya Bay" above map's identification).
Map of SC Parishes in
1760 showing location of Craven County.
1736 Surveyors Map of Welch
Grant in Craven Co. showing "Jafries Creek or River", where the White family
owned land in 1760. Also shows location of "Mars Bluff" along "Pedee" River
[Gregg, History of the Old Cheraws].
In 1760, daughter Elizabeth and son James are mentioned in the records of the
Cashaway Baptist church:
On "Sat 25 Oct 1760 ... Mr. James White for excess drinking be suspended from this church until satisfaction be given... 20 June 1767 .. on Cashaway Neck on Pee Dee in Craven County. The names of all the members... Elizabeth White .. gone."
Daughter Jane was married in or before that year, and Elizabeth married five years later.
Historical Marker of the Cashaway Baptist Church built in 1758, and located
at the eastern end of the bridge over a bend of the Great Pee Dee River.
The marker is on Cashua Ferry Road (State Highway 34) east of Darlington SC.
View looking south of the PeeDee River from the Route 34 bridge in Sep 2015.
James and his two sons William and Reuben, along with son-in-law
and William Loving were members of a SC militia
defeated at Marr's Bluff SC, at the hands of Regulators, on July 25, 1768.
William White was wounded, losing use of his right arm so that he could not
continue his trade as a cooper (barrel maker).
Excerpt from the book The South Carolina Regulators by Richard Maxwell Brown gives a background and summary of the incident.
In "Charles-Town", the incident at Marr's Bluff prompted the legislature to
"lay before the public" information about these Regulators; specifically, that those
headed by Gideon Gibson were "rogue" bandits, not to be confused with the "honest"
Regulators. The following was recorded there later in the year 1768:
"If we are to credit the despositions? of George Thomson, William Loving, James White, Stephen Sebastian, Godfrey Kersay, John Holloway, Reuben White and William White produced to us by Robert Weaver, Esq. of Marr's Bluff, the conduct of Gideon Gibson was not misrepresented in this paper of the 16th of August last, unless by the omission of sone aggravating circumstances" [Warren, p. 372].
Petition August 15, 1770 by son
William White seeking government relief for him and his family. That year, brother
Reuben apparently bought William's land in St. David's parish, Craven Co, SC
so that William could pay off his debts. William is in jail for debt in Cheraws
SC in 1774. He later turns his life completely around in NC by the end of the
From 1772 until 1881, the following land transactions involving the White family
occurred in the Pee Dee River area of Craven County in chronological order:
Sep 17, 1772 - James Taylor White, 300 acres Craven on south side of Swift Creek, adjacent to lands of William Standard, George Kings, and land laid out for William White; District Surveyor: John Henderson. Plat Book v. 21:426.
Oct 10, 1772 - James White, 200 acres Craven County Polk swamp, adjacent to John Baxter and John Hollowy [sic] and vacant land; District Surveyor: Thos. Powe. Plat Book v. 21:424.
Dec 10, 1772 Reuben White, 600 acres Craven in fork of Little Pee Dee and Drownding Creek on Bell Swamp: District Surveyor: John McCall. Plat Book v. 21:431.
Jun 14, 1773 - Reuben White, 500 acres Craven on North side of Little Pedee adjacent to Hugh Thompson. District Surveyor: Thos. Powe. Plat Book v. 21:431.
Oct 9, 1881 - Reuben White, 300 acres Craven on the Beaver dam, waters of Jeffereys Creek adjacent to John Ward, Connels land, Reuben White and vacant land. District Surveyor: Thos. Powe. Plat Book v. 21:433.
[Note that a possible relative of James Taylor White's wife is listed as the surveyor on several of these records.]
Modern Map of South Carolina
Counties showing the 18th Century Parishes. Welch Neck and Cashaway
Neck were in St. David Parish. Prince George Parish was to the South and included
the Pee Dee River basin from Lynches Creek down to Winyah Bay. Map taken from
DMK Heritage (website).
There is a record of son Reuben being in Globe, Burke Co. NC in 1772. Reuben
entered Captain Joseph McDowell's NC Militia in 1776 and was killed at Pleasant
Gardens (at the head of the Catawba River, near Old Fort, then in Burke Co. NC near)
in October of that year. He left his land in SC to sister-in-law Sophia, wife
of his brother William, in a deed of gift dated Dec 13, 1773 that was filed in
SC in 1777. By 1777 - The entire White family had moved to Burke Co. NC.
Son Reuben married Milly Allen on Feb 22, 1772, the daughter of Erasmus Withers
Allen, and may have had a daughter Mary. Before he was killed, Reuben had left his wife,
saying she was a very good woman. but "did not suit his humour". In 1773 he had
gifted a large amount of property including slaves to brother William's wife,
Sophia [as a way of helping William get out of debt].
Pension Statement Sep 14, 1832
by Leroy Taylor of Washington Co. (State of Tennessee) describing the events before
and after Capt. Reuben White was killed at Pleasant Gardens by Indians.
While in South Carolina, the White family was not sympathetic to the American
Revolution and left a trail of litigation in the state. The family moved to
what is now Burke Co. NC, then split with some members moving to Natchez Territory
(now Mississippi) and the rest remaining in the Blue Ridge Mountains of NC.
The split appears to have occurred after son Reuben was killed by Indians in Oct
1776 at Pleasant Gardens NC and Patriots won the Battle of King's Mountain in Oct
1780. James and son William White opted for the patriot
side and stayed in NC. During the American Revolution, Mississippi and Louisiana
districts were havens for Loyalists.
About 1775, son John married Sarah Gambill
(1745-1828), whose mother was Mary Davenport.
On May 27, 1800 their son John Jesse was baptised at the age of 22 at the St.
Martin of Tours Church in St. Martinville LA. The church record states his
grandparents as "James Teleur White and Elisabeth Poe, ... natives of
|North Carolina Counties at beginning of 1775.|
A warrant is issued in Burke Co NC in 1777 for son William
relating to the security of the late Reuben's estate. William would become the
guardian of nephew George Holloway as orphan.
He would also become justice of the peace and patriarch of the Methodist community.
His plantation, Mulberry Grove, was located where the Mulberry Creek flows
into the John's River at what is now Collettsville, Caldwell Co, NC. James Taylor
White is believed to have died there, at his son's home, by 1790.
Between 1779 and 1781 daughter Elizabeth and her husband
John Holloway and family, decided to go to
Natchez, then in French-Spanish territory, "in order to escape the Revolution".
It is known that sons John and James, known as "Tiago", arrived in Natchez with
their families and one slave each in May 1782. James would soon die. By 1785,
of James Taylor White's six known children, two would be dead, two would settle
in Spanish territory, and two would remain in the North Carolina mountains.
On Sep 11, 1785, James Taylor White posts bond in Burke Co. NC in case of Isaac
Martin vs. Joseph White. A petition of James Taylor White and others of Burke Co.,
presented by a Mr. McDowall, was read on Nov 28, 1785 and referred to a joint
Nephew John White built one of the earliest mills in
the Johns River region NC. It was located on White's Mill Creek, a branch
of Lower Creek which runs from Lenoir to the Catawba River, east of Morganton.
See History of the mill.
Nephew John White, son of brother William White, married Sarah Collett before 1760.
Collettsville was named for her family.
Present day map shows Collettsville, Mulberry Creek and John's River.
Holloway Mountain is further east on Route 90.
In the mid-1790's, a son of son James, Reuben White (1765?-1835) and his family,
along with John and James Holloway, sons of daughter Elizabeth, moved into
northeastern Rapides Parish LA, which became known as Holloway Prairie,
where they obtained Spanish land grants and engaged in the cattle business.
Many of the Anglo families of the Deville area came there from Natchez.
Mississippi was not admitted to the Union of States until 1817.
JOHN WHITE Last Will and Testament
Atacapas County, Louisiana, August 15th, 1806.
In the name of God amen.
I John White of the county aforesaid being in a low state of helath but having my memory and reason thianks be to God for the same do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament reversing all or any other whatsoever.
After commending my soul into the hand of the Almighty God and my body to be buried in a Chiristian manner at the discretion of my fiencds and my lawful debts to be paid, I give and bequeathe my worldly goods in the following manner viz.
Item 1. I give and bequeathe to my loving wife Sarah White the Plantation and tract of land whereon I now Live with all the appertenances therto belonging.
Item 2. I give and bequeathe to my loving wife one half my ten acre tract below my son Jesse on the Vermillion and the other half of said tract I give to my daughter Sarah Dunman and her heirs & Item 3. I give and bequeathe to my loving wife Sarah all my cattle.
Item 4. I give and bequeathe to my loving wife Sarah White all my hourses and mairs & Item 5. I give and bequeathe to my loving wife Sarah White all my hogs.
Item 6, I give and bequeathe to my loving wife Sarah White all my household goods with all my working tools utensils & chattels whatsoever her natural life or widowhood.
These to be kept for to be taken care of by her & the two youngest children for their support & Item 7. If either of them should leave her my will & desire is they should nother without her leave or permission to take what she may need.
Item 8. And case either of them should marry that there should be an equal division i.e. one third to my wife Sarah & one third to my son James & one third to my daughter Susanna.
Item 9. I also will & desire that at her deathe the aforesaid youngest childdren should have their mothers part by an equal division.
Item. I will also that my son Jas. shall keep my brand. I do hereby will and appoint her i. e. my wife the Executive Power and to call for and appoint any assistance as the case or circumstances my require.
Given under my had seal with my own seal this year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and six.
Joshua Hartley John Faulk (his mark) John White (seal) Susan Haregrove (her mark) Aug 15, 1806 Atakapas 9th Aug 1808. Joshua Hartley deposed be fore upon the holy Evangelists tht he saw john White sign his name above. J. White
Attakapas Parish was created in 1805 from Orleans Territory. It extended to the
Gulf of Mexico. It eventually became St. Martin Parish in 1807.
(see present day map
for location). John White died in the the part that became Vermilion Parish
showing the area parishes that were created in the 1800s
Cashaway Baptist Church Record Book, 1756-1778, Cashaway Neck, Craven Co. SC.
Christenson, Elroy, website, John Hollaway Family.
Clark, Walter, State Records of North Carolina Vol XVII 1781-1785, Broadfoot Publishing, Wilmington NC, 1994, pp. 287-8, 294.
Genealogical Register, vol. VIII, No. 3, Sep 1961.
John Stillee Bible, recording birth of Eliz.
Gregg, Alexander, History of the Old Cheraws, Geneal Publ. Co., Balt. MD, 1967, repr 1925 ed.
Houton, Erica, "John White, Sarah White", Geni, website, trans. from Spanish, St. Martin of Tours Church, St, Martinville LA, record no. 263, image uploaded Jan 19, 2019.
Huggins, Edith Warren, comp., Burke County, North Carolina Land Records and More Important Miscellaneous Records, 1751-1809, vol. III, p. 109.
McBee, Mary Wilson, Natchez Court Records 1767-1805, Abstract of Early Records, Greenwood MS, 1953.
Northern Neck Grants, Virginia State Archives, Book G.
Poe, Allan, "The Records, From Virginia to Old Burke Co. N.C.", publ. in Pre-Revolutionary Plat Books, SC Archives Dept., vol. 21, pp 424-433.
USGenWeb Archives Census Project, 1800 Burke Co., NC Federal Census, transcribed by Dorna Chambers, 1999, pp. 767-768.
Vineyard, M.L. & E.M.Wiseman, Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2, Franklin NC, 1997, pp. 254-256, 258.
Virginia Land Patents, Book 8, p. 16.
Warren, Mary Bondurant, Citizens and Immigrants - South Carolina, 1768, abstracted from contemporary records, Heritage Papers, Danielsville GA, 1980, pp. 353, 372.
White, Gifford, "James White and John White", Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2, by M.L.Vineyard & E.M.Wiseman, Franklin NC, 1997, pp. 86-96, 107-112.
White, Gifford, James Taylor White of Virginia and some of his descendants into Texas, Austin, TX, April 1982.