Caroline Co. VA
d. Oct 1781
d. by 1830?
b. Jul 27, 1766
Lynches Creek, Craven Co. SC
d. Dec 8, 1851
Little Mulberry, Burke Co NC
d. after 1810
?Baldwin Co. AL
Rapides Parish LA
b. Jan 17, 1774
d. by 1833?
Franklin Co. MS
?Burke Co. NC
d. by 1820
Feliciana Parish LA
Burke Co. NC
?Rapides Parish LA
due Dec 1781
(Stille or Still Lee)
b. Jan 19, 1752
d. Sep 30, 1808
Paul Reuben (twin)
b. May 9, 1784
Claiborne Co. MS
Mary "Maria" Sarah (Sally) (twin)
b. May 9, 1784
d. after 1838
?Desha Co. AR
Michael ("Miguel") Washington (Lamport)
b. Sep 3, 1786
d. Jun 19, 1823
St. Helena Parish LA
Culpeper County Virginia was formed in 1748
(see present day map
for location), and was bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. The
Rappahannock River forms one of its eastern boundaries.
Elizabeth and most of the White family moved to South Carolina near Pee Dee River
in Craven Co. [now defunct]. According to the records of the Cashaway [SC]
On "Sat 25 Oct 1760 ... Mr. James White [her younger brother most likely] for excess drinking be suspended from this church until satisfaction be given... 20 June 1767 .. on Cashaway Neck on Pee Dee in Craven County. The names of all the members... Elizabeth White [her mother who had recently died].. gone."
Elizabeth's sister Jane was married in or before 1760, and Elizabeth herself married five years later.
Historical Marker of the Cashaway Baptist Church built in 1758, and located
at the eastern end of the bridge over a bend of the Great Pee Dee River.
The marker is on Cashua Ferry Road (State Highway 34) east of Darlington SC.
View south of the river from the bridge in Sep 2015.
of the Colonies, by J. Leopold Imbert showing the Carolinas and neighboring
territory of "Louisiane" and the rivers and settlements there at the time of the
Revolution. Map was reproduced and printed by the Museum of the American Revolution
from a map image at the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center, Boston Public Library.
In Nov 1779, the Holloway family along with 3 female slaves set out over land
as part of the Amos Eaton expedition to the Cumberland Settlement in Washington Co.
NC (now central TN), arriving at the beginning of 1780, just a week after the
lead party of men, horses and dogs headed by James Robertson.
On Jan 10, 1780, a Land Grant
to son George Holloway of one hundred acres of land in Burke Co. NC is entered or
requested. George had turned 14 just two weeks prior, old enough to sign or witness
a deed. The land was near Elizabeth's brother
William White. The land was not surveyed until
Jul 7, 1791. His father-in-law William Loving
was the surveyor. The grant was finally issued Jul 7 1794, 14 and a half years
after the original request.
According to her grandson Robert, husband John moved the family from SC to
Natchez, then in the Louisiana French-Spanish territory, "in order to escape the
John and Elizabeth and family arrived on two pirogues in the Grand Gulf area of
the Natchez District by Jan 21, 1781. They left the pirogues in the care of Eleanor
"Nelly" Price who managed the river dock in that area. The town of Grand Gulf no
longer exists but was not far from the towns of Port Gibson and Natchez. After
being sued Sep 8, 1781, John countersued a John Townshend over the loss of the two
pirogues [McBee, Natchez Court Reccords, p. 8].
Pirogues were flat bottomed boats, that could be manually propelled by either a
paddle like a canoe or a pole in marshes and swamps.
a pirogue circa 1885 (lower boat) displayed at the Grand Gulf Military Park.
The pirogue was used on the Mississippi River according to the
In Oct 1781, husband John Holloway was shot and scalped by Indians five leagues
northeast of the Fort of Natchez. At the time, he was apparently working as
"an overseer" of the plantation of Joshua Howard on Second Creek. Elizabeth was
seven months pregnant with their eighth child at the time. Son George was tied
with a rope but escaped during the night. She purchased land in the St. Catherine
Creek area just south of Natchez and moved there. In May 1782, her other brothers,
John and James, and their familes arrived by flatboat at Natchez.
dated Feb 28, 1781 from "John Townshend" to "John Holoway" submitted with the lawsuit
to the Natchez District Court [MDAH, microfilm roll no. 5326, p. 107]. The receipt
shows initial charges dated Jan 21, 1781.
of Natchez from the Ancestral Trackers website, shows the likely
locations of St. Catherine, Second and Sandy Creeks in 1792.
After her husband's death, Elizabeth, who was seven months pregnant, was appointed
guardian of the six minor children. His estate was
conveyed to her in the same court proceeding on Oct 24, 1781.
Estate Inventory included carpenter and plantation tools,
animals, and livestock belonging to daughter Elizabeth and son George. There were
four slaves: one man "Samuel", 50 years old, and three females (Sarah native of
Barbados, aged 30, and her daughters Bella, 10, and Dorinda, 8, both born in SC).
On Dec 5, 1797, Bella, aged about 26, and her 2 and a half year old child Rose
were sold by Elizabeth and John Still Lee to John Girault of Natchez for $600.
Daughter Elizabeth married Cader Raby (1761-1825) by Oct 1781. They both moved to
Natchez District, where they died. They may have had 5 children. Elizabeth Raby
may have died before 1825.
After the brutal death of her husband, the widow Elizabeth, purchased an improvement
on St. Catherine Creek from Thomas Comstock. There she probably met John Stille
or Still Lee, who also owned land there. Several years later in 1791, her nephew
William White married Amy Comstock, a daughter of William
In 1783, Elizabeth married John Stilley and they had three children. They lived in
Natchez where her husband is said to have bought a store or tavern "in the country"
in partnership with a Jean Vauchere. This venture failed and they moved to the
Tombigbee River, Mobile by 1788, when their property was seized by Vauchere and
Carlos de Grand Pre, the Commandant of Natchez District, to repay debts. They moved
back to District by Dec 1797, after Manuel Gayoso de Lemos became governor. The
new governor oversaw the withdrawal of Spain from the east side of the Mississippi
River under the Pinckney Treaty. There John Stilley died in 1808.
On May 8, 1783, a Land
Grant Survey Request by Charles McDowell was made for George Holloway. Col.
McDowell was the Entry Officer of Claims for the county. It was to be done "without
delay". The land to be surveyed was the same land entered in 1780 as
Grant No. 1747. Eight years later on Jul 7, 1791, the land was finally surveyed
by George's father-in-law William Loving.
The grant is finally issued Jul 7 1794, 14 and a half years after the original request.
On Apr 30, 1785, there is an agreement between husband John Stilly and a James
Brown in the Natchez District, that [aged 18 and about 16 year old sons]
"George and William Holloway or two others as good would work in the crop along
with four able negroes." It was certified that George Holloway worked with
Still Lee at $1 per day in the crop of James Brown "to make it fit for sale"
[Natchez Court Records, Book F, p. 72].
In a suit Mar 8, 1786, "John Still Lee represents that he was condemned by the
award of arbitrators to pay a certain [James] Brown whom he had hired as an
overseer last year... Brown only worked 12 days... having hired himself to work
elsewhere." Arbitrators, Abraham Mayes and William Daniels, chosen by Still Lee
and Brown, in a statement signed on May 29 of the previous year 1785, said the
plantation was "in good order, containing 21 acres of corn and 7 acres of
tobacco," and the award was judged by Charles de Grand-Pre, and the two parties
mutually agreed on a deduction from the award [Natchez Court Records, Book F,
About this time son George was sent to live with his uncle, William White, and
his grandfather, James Taylor White, in NC, where
part of the White family had settled and had become patriots in a part of the
country that was being "pacified", that is, freed from Indian threats.
By May of 1787 John Stillee and Elizabeth had left the Natchez District when
Carlo de Grand Pre authorized the settling of the "affairs of John Stilles,
absconded" by having three disinterested persons examine the "books and accounts"
of Still Lee, and meet any debtors mentioned in the books along with George Fitzgerald,
who would defend the "absent party" [Wells, p. 125].
All three of Elizabeth's children by John Stilley were baptized on Nov 17, 1788 by
Rev. Miguel Lamport of the Old Mobile Parish of the Immaculate Conception.
In the transcription
of the original baptism records, Miguel is referred to as Michael Washington Lee,
born Sep 3, 1786 and his parents are written as "John Stilly Lee and Isabel White,
Protestants, natives of North America, residents of the Tombigbee River in this
District". In the Stillee bible, Michael is referred to as Michael Lamport Stilley
born Nov 22. Michael's middle name was changed to honor the Reverend. The twins
were baptised as Mary Sally Lee and Paul Rubin Lee.
By 1790, son George had married his first cousin Mary Loving and started a family.
1790 Burke Co. NC Census for 5th Company, George is listed as a head of
household of 4 members:
1 male aged 16 and up (George),
1 male under age 16 (son John),
2 females (wife Mary, daughter Elizabeth).
And "Wm White Senr" is listed as a head of household of 9 family members:
5 males aged 16 and up (William, Anthony, Thomas, Reuben,and ?),
2 males under age 16 (Taylor,?William Jr.),
2 females (wife Sophia, Ann?),
and 12 slaves.
Also, by 1790, a John Townsend is listed as a household in another company (precinct)
of the 1790 Burke Co. NC
Census [Scott, W. W., Annals of Caldwell Co., pp. 64-65]. This may be
the same person who was sued by John over two pirogues in the Natchez District
in 1781. He and his family may have brought George from Natchez to Burke Co. NC.
On Jul 13, 1792, son John Holloway and son-in-law Cader Raby sign an agreement with
Manuel Gayoso de Lemos in Natchez regarding travel outside of the district. Cader's
son Cader named a son Gayoso Carney Raby in 1826.
Translation of the document handwritten
In the mid-1790's, Elizabeth's sons John and James Holloway, along with her nephews
Reuben White (1765?-1835?) and
James T. White (1770?-1842?), moved into what became
known as Holloway Prairie (now northeastern Rapides Parish LA), where they obtained
Spanish land grants and engaged in the cattle business. Many of the Anglo families
of the nearby Deville area came there from Natchez MS.
The names John and James Holloway appear in several 1790's Spanish Colonial documents
and militia lists. On Oct 30, 1798 John and James give an oath of loyalty to the
United States as the Mississippi Territory becomes a US Territory (Mississippi
was not admitted to the Union of States until 1817).
On Jan 31, 1795, "Cader Rabey", husband of daughter Elizabeth, petitioned the
Natchez court to ask for the vacant 400 acres on Sandy Creek so that his family
of "7 grown persons" may live without renting [Land Claims Book F, p. 21]. The
land was sold by Rabey in Dec 1800.
Daughter Mary married Alexander Freeland by the middle of 1796, when Elizabeth
calls him her son-in-law on Oct 24, 1798 in her deposition regarding lending him
a slave named Peg to him in mid 1796. In the 1790s, Alexander Freeland received
a land grant in an area called Little Lake (just east of Catahoula Lake) in what
became Catahoula Parish LA.
By May of 1797 John Stillee and Elizabeth had returned to the Natchez District when
they sold the slave Bella, who had been with the Holloway family since her birth
about 1771 in South Carolina. She was then about 26 years old and had a 2 ½ year
old child named Rose. Both were sold to John Girault of Natchez for $600
[Wells, p. 144-5].
On Mar 14, 1798 Elizabeth and John Still Lee were recorded in a deed transaction
in Natchez, as being of Bayou Pierre (roughly what became Claiborne Co.)
part of the Natchez District. The land was described as 764 acres bounded on the
west by "Dewit and Armstrong".
The Still Lee family was not a household in the Natchez District in 1792 when
the Spanish Census
was taken. But in the "Bayou Pierre" subdivision were single male households under
the name Jese (Jesse) Dwet, and Moises Armstrong, who both seem to have become
neighboring land owners by 1798. However the estate of Jesse Dewitt was
appraised in 1794 for benefit of creditors. Jesse Dewitt was the son of the deceased
William Dewitt and stepson of Elizabeth's
niece Catherine White Dewitt, whose new husband, Henry
Milburn, witnessed the transaction.
|In Apr 1799, the Governor at Baton Rouge attempted to settle the dispute between Elizabeth and Freeland over the loan of the slave named Peg to Freeland. The next month, John Girault certified that Elizabeth had placed in his hands by authority of the Spanish government sufficient property to pay the five heirs of her late husband, John Holloway, namely, John, Robert, George, Elizabeth and Mary, their respective shares of their father's estate, "agreeable to the tenor of my hand dated 5 Dec, 1797" [McBee, "Louisians' Spanish West Florida Records"].|
Son William Holloway is listed in the 1810 Census for Baldwin Co. in the Mississippi
Territory, as head of a household with two adults and two sons under age 21. He
is listed next to a Reuben Thompson and a Thomas White. Founded in Dec 1809,
Baldwin Co. is now a county in Alabama and includes the Tombigbee River near
Mobile where Elizabeth and John Stilley had once lived.
By 1810, an Alexander Freeland is counted in Feliciana Parish LA.
In 1820 he is the head of a household of himself (aged 45+),
1 male under age 10,
2 other males younger than 26,
and a female aged 16-26 [possibly Mary Freeland who married Picket Luck in 1826],
and no older females, so his wife Mary (Holloway) Freeland may have died between 1810 and 1820. Also, another daughter may be the Elizabeth Freeland who married Peter McQueen in 1820. Both Mary and Elizabeth married in West Feliciana Parish.
Feliciana Parish LA was founded in 1810
(see present day map
for location), and borders Mississippi south of Natchez.
Son Reuben Stilley is listed in the 1810 Tax Rolls for Claiborne Co. for having
2 slaves but no land. In the same county as Reuben White and Thomas White Jr.,
who owned land in the Bayou Pierre part of the county, previously the Natchez District.
Son Reuben is listed as the head of the household of "Reuben Stelly" in the 1816
Claiborne Co. Census, as is Reuben White, son of Thomas White Sr.
Reuben Stilley married Mary Polly Clark (born 1790?). Their daughter Sarah Polly
Stilly married Lewis Clark Jr. Jul 14, 1818 in Claiborne Co. [LA Spanish West Florida
Records, Ragland, p. 8].
Son Michael Lamport Stilley married Delilah Starnes about 1808. She was born in
1789 in Madison Co. KY. In 1805, Michael and Jacob Starnes, Delilah's father, had
arrived in an area of eastern LA that became St. Helena Parish and then became
part of Livingston Parish in 1832. On May 18, 1815, after Delilah's mother Elizabeth
died, Robert Holloway helped the Justice
of the Peace of St. Helena Parish find the "absent heirs" of the Starnes estate
[M.L. Ragland, p. 15].
According to the Stillee Bible, daughter Maria "Sarah" Stilley married George B.
Watson. He and son Reuben were executors of the estate of John Stilley in 1809 in
Claiborne Co. MS. Sarah and George later moved up the Mississippi River north of
Vicksburg (in what became Desha Co. AR in 1838).
St. Helena Parish was founded in 1810
(see present day map
for location), and borders Mississippi.
In Dec 1811, the widow Elizabeth "Stilley of St. Helena Parish in the Territory of
Orleans", granted to her son James, as his share as heir of his father, the negro
woman, Lucinda ("Lucey"), and her two children Jeffrey and Isaac, and in the
future $200 "due by me as guardian to the said James in the year 1800" [McBee,
Deed Bk B, p. 67].
On Aug 31, 1817 an ill Elizabeth died at the Highland in east Baton Rouge LA.
The day before, her longtime slave Dorinda, aged about 37, was sent to her along
with some of her clothes and some money found in her trunk, at Elizabeth's request.
Baldwin Co. AL, "1810 Citizens of Baldwin County, Mississippi Territory", website.
Burke Co. NC Land Grants, "Land Grants - Burke County", The North Carolina Collection, at Morganton-Burke County Public Library, transcribed by George M. Holloway.
Claiborne Co. MS, "1810 Tax Roll Details", trans. by Lee Kohler, website.
Imbert, J. Leopold, map maker, Carte des Possessions Angloises... 1777, reprinted by the Museum of the American Revolution from map image at the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center, Boston Public Library.
"John Holloway, 1851", File H-3, on p. 208 of "The MS Cains", website.
"Inventories Conveyance... re: death of John Holloway" and "Court proceedings and inventory of estate of John Holloway", Oct 24, 1781, in Natchez Court Records Book A, Jul 21, 1781 - Nov 1787, p. 304, photocopy from research of Mary Lois Ragland, Oct 1990.
John Stillee Bible.
Records of Old Mobile Parish 1781-1850, Sec. 8, Bk 2, record nos. 125,126, transcribed from original (signed by Rev. Miguel Lamport) by Bernadette Mathews, Archivist, The Catholic Center, Mobile AL, Feb 11, 1999.
McBee, May Wilson, comp., "Land Claims", in Natchez Court Records, 1767-1805, Book F, pp. 19, 21.
McBee, May Wilson, comp., Natchez Court Records, 1767-1805, Greenwood MS, 1953, v. 2, p. 8.
Marlboro County SC Churches, website, Cashaway Neck Baptist Church Record Book, 1756-1778, contributed by Glenn Pearson, May 2000, webpage.
"Natchez District 1792 Spanish Census Index", in USGenWeb, Early Southwest Miss. Territory, website.
Ragland, M.L., comp., "Holloway Succession Records of St. Helena Parish, LA", Greenwood MS, May 1990, p. 15-16.
Rowland, Dunbar, The Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, Centennial Edition, 1917, Madison WI, pp. 85-89, 1816 Claiborne Co. Census.
Scott, W. W., Annals of Caldwell Co., Lenoir NC, 1930, pp. 64-65, 118.
Veach, Damon, "Louisiana Ancestors", article in Sunday Advocate Magazine, Baton Rouge LA, Feb 21, 1982.
Wells, Carol, Natchez Postscripts 1781-1798, Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1992, pp. 101, 125, 144-5, 151.
White, Gifford, "James White and John White", Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2 by M.L.Vineyard & E.M.Wiseman, Franklin NC,1997, p. 111.
White, Gifford, James Taylor White of Virginia and some of his descendants into Texas, Austin, TX, 1982.