James Taylor White
King & Queen Co VA
Mulberry Grove, Burke Co. NC
Burke Co. NC
d. Oct 1776
killed by Indians at Pleasant Gardens NC
b. Mar 1, 1738?
Culpeper Co. VA
d. Aug 31, 1817
Baton Rouge LA
Orange Co. VA
d. Jan 8, 1807?
St. Martin Parish LA
b. before 1755
d. Sep 1821
Burke Co. NC
Husband James was most likely named for Col. James Taylor, a wealthy and powerful leader
of King & Queen County, who lived near James' father.
Caroline County Virginia was formed in 1728
(see present day map
for location), about the same time James and Elizabeth Poe were married.
There are court records that survived from King & Queen County Virginia that
show that the Poe and White families lived in the part that became Caroline County.
In 1732 and 1733, a John Pickett was involved in trespass suits with
James White and Benjamin Poe. Poe is sometimes spelled Roe or Powe
in these records. On Aug 10, 1732 a Benjamin Roe is paid by James White in tobacco
(likely for being a witness in the trespass suit), but he is dead by Jan 10, 1733/4.
A Benjamin Poe is a juror (son?) in Caroline County Mar 14, 1735.
James Taylor White and Elizabeth Powe homestead 217 acres Jun 26, 1749 on Gourd
Vine Fork, Hazel River of Thornton's line, in Culpepper Co. Virginia, according to
Northern Neck Grants.
Culpeper County Virginia was formed in 1748
(see present day map
for location), and was bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. The
Rappahannock River forms one of its eastern boundaries.
By 1760, in Culpeper County, daughter Jane married
William Loving, and they would become in-laws of
Husband James and his two sons William and Reuben, along with son-in-law
and William Loving were members of a SC militia
defeated at Marr's Bluff SC, at the hands of Regulators, on July 25, 1768.
William White is wounded, losing use of his right arm so that he cannot
continue trade as a cooper (barrel maker).
Excerpt from the book The South Carolina Regulators by Richard Maxwell Brown gives a background and summary of the incident.
August 15, 1770 petition by son
William White seeking government relief for him and his family.
That year, brother Reuben apparently bought William's land in St. David's parish,
Craven Co, SC so that William could pay off his debts. William is in jail for
debt in Cheraws SC in 1774. He later turns his life completely around in NC
by the end of the century (see below).
In Mar and Nov of 1757, husband James Taylor White was granted 300 acres in Peedee SC and
150 acres in Williamsburg Township, respectively.
[SC Archives, Columbia SC, Aug 1971, Council Journal No 26, p. 67, 79.
Referenced in Gifford White, James Taylor White of Virginia and ..., p.37].
The land granted in SC is in what was once Craven County, one of the three original
parts of the English colony of "Carolana". By 1760, the White family was attending the
Cashaway Baptist Church along the Pee Dee River just east of present-day Darlington SC.
1725 English Map of South Carolina
Province showing location of Craven County and the Pee Dee (Peede) River
flowing into the Winyah Bay (spelled "Weenya Bay" above map's identification).
Map of SC Parishes in
1760 showing location of Craven County.
About 1775, son John married Sarah Gambill
(1745-1828), whose mother was Mary Davenport.
On May 27, 1800 their son John Jesse was baptised at the age of 22 at the St.
Martin of Tours Church in St. Martinville LA. The church record states his
grandparents as "James Teleur White and Elisabeth Poe, ... natives of
There is a record of son Reuben being in Globe, Burke Co. NC in 1772. Reuben
entered Captain McDowell's SC Militia in 1776 and was killed at Pleasant Gardens
at the head of the Catawba River in Burke Co. NC in October of that year.
He left his land in SC to sister-in-law Sophia, wife of brother William, in a deed of
gift dated Dec 13, 1773 that was filed in SC in 1777.
Pension Statement Sep 14,
1832 by Leroy Taylor of Washington Co. (State of Tennessee) describing the events
before and after Capt. Reuben White was killed at Pleasant Gardens NC by Indians.
While in South Carolina, the White family was not sympathetic to the American
Revolution and left a trail of litigation in the state. The family moved to
what is now Burke Co NC, then split with some members moving to Natchez Territory
(now Mississippi) and the rest remaining in the Blue Ridge Mountains of NC.
The split appears to have occurred after son Reuben was killed by Indians in 1776
at Pleasant Garden NC and Patriots won the Battle of King's Mountain in Oct 1780.
Husband James and son William opted for the patriot side and stayed in Burke Co.
During the American Revolution, Mississippi and Louisiana districts were havens
A warrant is issued in Burke Co NC in 1777 for William
relating to the security of the late Reuben's estate. William would become the
guardian of nephew George Holloway as orphan.
He would also become justice of the peace and patriarch of the Methodist community.
His plantation, Mulberry Grove, was located where the Mulberry Creek flows
into the John's River at what is now Collettsville, Caldwell Co, NC. James Taylor
White is believed to have died there, at his son's home, by 1790.
Between 1778 and 1781 daughter Elizabeth and her husband
John Holloway and family, decided to go to Natchez,
then in French-Spanish territory, "in order to escape the Revolution".
It is known that sons John and James, known as "Tiago", arrived in Natchez with
their families and one slave each in May 1782. James would soon die. By 1785,
of Elizabeth and James Taylor White's six known children, two would be dead,
two would settle in Spanish territory, and two would remain in the North Carolina
Christenson, Elroy, website, John Hollaway Family.
John Stillee Bible, recording birth of Eliz.
McBee, Mary Wilson, Natchez Court Records 1767-1805, Abstract of Early Records, Greenwood MS, 1953.
Northern Neck Grants, Virginia State Archives, Book G.
Vineyard, Maribeth Lang, & Wiseman, Eugene M., Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2, Franklin NC, 1997, pp. 86-96.
White, Gifford, "James White and John White", etc. publ. in Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2 by Vineyard, M. L., & Wiseman, E. M., Franklin NC, 1997, pp. 107-112, 256, 285.
White, Gifford, James Taylor White of Virginia and some of his descendants into Texas, Austin, TX, 1982.