James Taylor White
King & Queen Co VA
Mulberry Grove NC
Burke Co. NC
d. Oct 1776
killed by Indians at Pleasant Gardens NC
b. Mar 1, 1738?
Culpeper Co VA
d. Aug 31, 1817
Baton Rouge LA
Orange Co. VA
d. Jan 8, 1807
St. Martinville LA
d. Sep, 1821
Husband James was most likely named for Col. James Taylor, a wealthy and powerful leader
of King & Queen County, who lived near James' father.
Caroline County Virginia was formed in 1728
(see present day map
for location), about the same time James and Elizabeth Poe were married.
There are court records that survived from King & Queen County Virginia that
show that the Poe and White families lived in the part that became Caroline County.
In 1732 and 1733, a John Pickett was involved in trespass suits with
James White and Benjamin Poe. Poe is sometimes spelled Roe or Powe
in these records. On Aug 10, 1732 a Benjamin Roe is paid by James White in tobacco
(likely for being a witness in the trespass suit), but he is dead by Jan 10, 1733/4.
A Benjamin Poe is a juror (son?) in Caroline County Mar 14, 1735.
About the time Elizabeth White is born, James Taylor White and Elizabeth Powe
homestead 217 acres Jun 26, 1749 on Gourd Vine Fork, Hazel River of
Thornton's line, in Culpepper Co. Virginia, according to Northern Neck Grants.
Culpeper County Virginia was formed in 1748
(see present day map
for location), and was bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. The
Rappahannock River forms one of its eastern boundaries.
By 1760, in Culpeper County, daughter Jane married
William Loving, and they would become in-laws of
Husband James and his two sons William and Reuben, along with son-in-law
and William Loving were members of a SC militia
defeated at Marr's Bluff SC, at the hands of Regulators, on July 25, 1768.
William White is wounded, losing use of his right arm so that he cannot
continue trade as a cooper (barrel maker).
Excerpt from the book The South Carolina Regulators by Richard Maxell Brown gives a background and summary of the incident.
August 15, 1770 petition by son
William White seeking government relief for him and his family.
That year, brother Reuben apparently bought William's land in St. David's parish,
Craven Co, SC so that William could pay off his debts. William is in jail for
debt in Cheraws SC in 1774. He later turns his life completely around in NC
by the end of the century (see below).
There is a record of son Reuben being in Globe, Burke Co. NC in 1772. Reuben
entered Captain McDowell's SC Militia in 1776 and was killed at Pleasant Gardens
in Burke Co. NC in October of that year. He left his land in SC to sister-in-law
Sophia, wife of William, in a deed of gift dated Dec 13, 1773 that was filed in
SC in 1777.
|While in South Carolina, the White family was not sympathetic to the American Revolution and left a trail of litigation in the state. The family moved to what is now Burke Co NC, then split with some members moving to Natchez Territory (now Mississippi) and the rest remaining in the Blue Ridge Mountains of NC. The split appears to have occurred when son Reuben was killed by indians in 1777 at Pleasant Gardens NC. Husband James and son William opted for the patriot side and stayed in Burke Co. During the American Revolution, Mississippi and Louisiana districts were havens for Loyalists.|
A warrant is issued in Burke Co NC in 1777 for William
relating to the security of the late Reuben's estate. William would become the
guardian of nephew George Holloway as orphan.
He would also become justice of the peace and patriarch of the Methodist community.
His plantation, Mulberry Grove, was located where the Mulberry Creek flows
into the John's River at what is now Collettsville, Caldwell Co, NC. James Taylor
White is believed to have died there, at his son's home, by 1790.
Between 1778 and 1781 daughter Elizabeth and her husband
John Holloway and family, decided to go to Natchez,
then in French-Spanish territory, "in order to escape the Revolution".
It is known that sons John and James, known as "Tiago", arrived in Natchez with
their families and one slave each in May 1782. James would soon die. By 1785,
of Elizabeth and James Taylor White's six known children, two would be dead,
two would be living in Indian territory, and two would settle in the North Carolina
Christenson, Elroy, website, John Hollaway Family.
John Stillee Bible, recording birth of Eliz.
McBee, Mary Wilson, Natchez Court Records 1767-1805, Abstract of Early Records, Greenwood MS, 1953.
Northern Neck Grants, Virginia State Archives, Book G.
Vineyard, Maribeth Lang, & Wiseman, Eugene M., Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2, Franklin NC, 1997, pp. 86-96.
White, Gifford, "James White and John White", etc. publ. in Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina, v.2 by Vineyard, M. L., & Wiseman, E. M., Franklin NC, 1997, pp. 107-112, 256.
White, Gifford, James Taylor White of Virginia and some of his descendants into Texas, Austin, TX, 1982.