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George Holloway
Born Dec 27, 1766 Lynches Creek, Prince George Parish SC
Died Dec 8, 1851 Little Mulberry, Burke Co. NC

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Father
Mother
SPOUSE CHILDREN
Mary Loving

m. Oct 1787
Burke Co. NC
b. 1768
Wilkes Co NC
d. May 1852
John?

b. 1789
Burke Co. NC
d. by 1800
Burke Co. NC
Elizabeth Hattie

b. 1791?
Burke Co. NC
d. 1890?
Swain (Macon) Co. NC
Mahala

b. 1794?
Burke Co. NC
d. ?after 1853
Caldwell Co. NC
Jane (Jean)

b. Oct 6, 1795
Burke Co. NC
d. May 31, 1877
Burke Co. NC
Sarah (Sally)

b. by Nov 1800
Burke Co. NC
d. after Nov. 1843
Caldwell Co. NC
Washington

b. 1802?
Burke Co. NC
d. by 1850
Cherokee Co. NC
daughter

b. Burke Co. NC

d. young
Susan L.

b. Jun 23, 1806
Burke Co. NC
d. Jul 27, 1861
Caldwell Co. NC
Robert

b. Jan 31, 1809
Burke Co. NC
d. Mar 1, 1891
Caldwell Co. NC
George

b. 1811
Burke Co. NC
d. after 1850
Caldwell Co. NC
James Taylor

b. 1813
Burke Co. NC
d. Mar 5, 1843
NC
George was born in 1766 at Lynches Creek in Prince George Parish SC, which used to be part of Craven County, one of the three original parts of the English colony of Carolana. Prince George Parish was replaced by Georgetown District three years after he was born. Lynches Creek flows into the Pee Dee River about 32 miles north of Georgetown, where the Pee Dee empties into Winyah Bay.
1725 English Map of South Carolina Province showing location of Craven County and the Pee Dee (Peede) River flowing into the Winyah (spelled "Weenya") Bay (above map's title).
Modern Map of South Carolina Counties showing location of Parishes in 18th century. Welsh Neck and Cashaway Neck was in St. David Parish. Prince George Parish was to the South and included the Pee Dee basin from Lynches Creek down to Winyah Bay. Map taken from DMK Heritage (website).
The White, Loving and Holloway family connection goes back to a militia defeat at Marrs Bluff SC, at the hands of Regulators, on July 25, 1768. Involved in the incident, were George's father, three men from the White family, and William Loving. George was about to turn two years old at the time of the incident. He would eventually marry William Loving's daughter Mary in NC. The North Carolina Whites were revolutionary patriots in contrast to their Loyalist days in South Carolina, having left a trail of litigation behind them when some of them ended up in Natchez, including George's mother. George's descendents in NC were not aware of his six siblings who stayed in Mississippi.
North Carolina Counties at beginning of 1780.
In Nov 1779, when George was only 13, the Holloway family along with their 3 female slaves set out over land as part of the Amos Eaton expedition to the Cumberland Settlement in Washington Co. NC (now central TN), arriving at the beginning of 1780, just a week after the lead party of men, horses and dogs headed by James Robertson.
On Jan 10, 1780, a Land Grant to George Holloway of one hundred acres of land along Little Mulberry Creek in Burke Co. NC is entered or requested. George had turned 14 just two weeks prior, old enough to sign or witness a deed. The land was near the land of uncle William White. The land was not surveyed until Jul 7, 1791 when father-in-law William Loving was the surveyor. The grant was finally issued Jul 7 1794, 14 and a half years after the original request.
George's father John was shot and scalped by Indians at his plantation five leagues from the Fort of Natchez (now in MS), between Sep 8 and Oct 24, 1781. Young George, aged 14, was tied with a rope but cut the rope and escaped during the night. Still a teenager when his mother remarried a few years later, he was returned to Burke Co. NC to live with his uncle William White.
On May 8, 1783, a Land Grant Survey Request by Charles McDowell was made for George Holloway. Col. McDowell was the Entry Officer of Claims for Burke Co. NC. It was to be done "without delay". The land along Little Mulberry Creek to be surveyed was the same land entered in 1780 as Grant No. 1747. Eight years later on Jul 7, 1791, the land was finally surveyed by George's father-in-law William Loving. The grant is finally issued Jul 7 1794, 14 and a half years after the original request.
On Apr 30, 1785, there is an agreement between stepfather John Stilly and a James Brown in the Natchez District, that [aged 18 and about 16 year old stepsons] "George and William Holloway or two others as good would work in the crop along with four able negroes." It was certified that George Holloway worked with Still Lee at $1 per day in the crop of James Brown "to make it fit for sale" [Natchez Court Records, Book F, p. 72].
In a suit Mar 8, 1786, "John Still Lee represents that he was condemned by the award of arbitrators to pay a certain [James] Brown whom he had hired as an overseer last year... Brown only worked 12 days... having hired himself to work elsewhere." Arbitrators, Abraham Mayes and William Daniels, chosen by Still Lee and Brown, in a statement signed on May 29 of the previous year 1785, said the plantation was "in good order, containing 21 acres of corn and 7 acres of tobacco," and the award was judged by Charles de Grand-Pre, and the two parties mutually agreed on a deduction from the award [Natchez Court Records, Book F, p. 72].
About this time George was sent to live with his uncle, William White, and his grandfather, James Taylor White, in NC, where part of the White family had settled and had become patriots in a part of the country that was being "pacified", that is, freed from Indian threats.
George and his new immediate family were not only patriots but also religious. George was converted to the Methodist movement by Rev. Jesse Lee (1758-1816), who was travelling with Bishop Francis Asbury (1745-1816), about the year 1795. George was licensed as a lay preacher about 1801. He founded a Methodist group that produced a manuscript titled Class Papers for Holloway's Society, 1810-1821, which had been saved by ancestors.
In the 1790 Burke Co. NC Census for 5th Company, George "Holliway" was listed as a head of household of 4 members:
1 male aged 16 and up (George),
1 male under age 16 (son John),
2 females (wife Mary, child Elizabeth).
He was listed next to the household of "Wilm Lovin".
In the 1800 Burke Co. NC Census the closest entry for George's family is a "George Holly" which lists a household of 6 members:
1 male only (George, son John has died),
3 females under age 10 (Mahala, Jane and Elizabeth; Sally not yet born),
1 female aged 16-26 (a female born before 1784).
1 female aged 26-45 (wife Mary born before 1774)
According to his son Robert, the present Mt. Olivet Methodist Church in Collettsville NC is said to have replaced Holloway's Chapel.
In 1805, George Holloway was listed in the Burke Co. list of taxables, as owning 400 acres and taxable for 2 polls [persons living on the land over a certain age]. He was listed in Captain Coleman's Company along with uncle William White (1668 acres and 8 polls) and father-in-law William Loving (180 acres and 1 poll).
George was a Justice of the Peace for Burke Co. and then in Caldwell Co. NC after it was founded in 1841 and remained so until his death.
Daughter "Mehalle" joined the Holloway Society on May 18, 1819 and attended at least through July. Her status was changed by May 6, 1821:
"Mehale Holloway, S[ingle] put back on [?] for marriage outside of Church" About that time, she married Joseph H. Fair or Pharr (1798?-) in Burke Co. NC and had at least 4 children, including "Sally and Catrine" Fair who are mentioned in George's will of Nov 1843. She married two more times after.
Son George was a miller by trade in the Lower Creek area of Caldwell Co. He married Amanda Baker and they had 6 children according to the 1850 census. One daughter named Mary married Alexander Hood, grandson of John Hood on Jan 31, 1856 in Caldwell Co. NC.
George and Mary named their youngest child after James Taylor White, who is the grandfather of both George and Mary. Mary's mother was Jane White and George's mother was Jane's sister. Son James Taylor Holloway died only a few years after his marriage Apr 15, 1841 to Delphia Estes. Robert was appointed guardian of his brother's two young daughters on Jan 27, 1847, according to Caldwell Co. Court minutes. And George's will written Nov 8, 1843, stated that what would have been James' share should go to the two children, Carolina (born Feb 4, 1842) and Elizabeth Jean (born Jan 20, 1844). However, the daughters subsequently moved with their mother to Wisconsin. She married Oliver Lyon from Dunkirk WI in 1854.
On Jul 9, 1813, eldest daughter Elizabeth married Bennett Crisp (1786?-1870) in Burke Co. NC. She lived to be about 100 years old. Their son John Bennett Crisp was born in Burke Co. Oct 10, 1828. He died Dec 6, 1907 in Swain Co. NC and his grave is in the Lauada Cemetery there.
In the 1815 Burke Co. Tax List, "Bennet Crisp" (husband of Elizabeth), and "Soloman Crisp", are listed next to George. Each are taxable for one poll (male resident) and no land. Bennett Crisp is not listed as a head of household in the 1820 Burke Co. Census. Solomon is listed as taxable in 1819 but Bennett is not.
In the 1830 Burke Co. Census, "Bennett Crisp" and wife Elizabeth Holloway are both listed as aged 30-40, meaning both were born 1790 or after. On Sep 4, 1837 a Macon Co. NC land grant claim #1408 was entered for Bennett Crisp to grant 100 acres "On the N. side of Tuckeseege River" [Tuckasegee River flows 60 mi. into Swain Co.; all of it is within NC. It is a tributary to the Little Tennessee River which flows into the Tennessee]. The family is counted in the Macon Co. NC Census in 1840 and 1850.
On Jun 4, 1814, daughter Jane married Daniel Setzer (1791-1872) in Burke Co. NC. She is buried in the Littlejohn Methodist Church Cemetery in Caldwell Co. NC. Photo of grave marker of Jane Setzer.
In 1819, George was the "tax-lister for the White district, including the upper John's River, Mulberry and Globe sections." In the list of taxables was a William Loving, probably George's brother-in-law, son of William Loving. George is not in the list, because he was over 50 years old and thus not taxable. William Loving (Jr.) was born about 1775, so he is listed with "180 acres, $600, and one white poll" [Scott, W. W., Annals of Caldwell Co., p. 115]. Note that the name White does not appear among any of those taxed in the White District.
Daughter Sally married William Fleming (1794-1859) and was at least 30 years old and had a boy at least 5 years old during the count of the 1830 Burke Co. Census.
Daughter Susan married Robert Fleming (by 1800-1873). Robert was at least 30 years old and Susan was younger than 30 during the 1830 Burke Co. Census. They had 2 children at the time. Susan was buried in the Littlejohn Methodist Church Cemetery in Caldwell Co. NC.
Son Washington married "Poly Sisk" in 1821 according to marriage records of Burke Co. NC. Polly Holloway, aged 53, was living in Cherokee Co. in western NC with two sons at the time of the 1850 Census.
In the 1820 Burke Co. NC Census there is only one Holloway household:
"George Holloway", on line 29 of page 23, transcribed version, headed a household of 7 white members:
2 males under age 10 (sons George & James Taylor),
1 male aged 10 to 16 (Robert),
1 male aged 16 to 18 (Washington),
1 male 45 or older (himself),
1 female 10-16 (Susan), 2 females 16-26 (Sally and Mahala),
1 female over 45 (wife Mary, meaning she had to be born by 1775),
and also 7 slaves.
In 1830, the "George Holloway" household, on line 21 of page 135, consists of George and Mary, both 60-70 years old (born by 1770), and 2 males aged 15-20 (sons George and James Taylor).
Holloway Mountain Road as seen from the Tanawha Trail near where they intersect. Another View of Grandfather Mountain from the Trail.
History of the Linn Cove Viaduct. The paved portion of Holloway Mountain Road between Rt 221 and the Blue Ridge Parkway was part of the detour route for the Parkway during the viaduct construction. The Blue Ridge Parkway, begun in 1935 as part of President Roosevelt's WPA and CCC programs, was finally opened in 1987 after the completion of the viaduct bridge in 1982. In 1978, the Holloway family sent a request to the U.S. Department of the Interior, asking where Holloway Mountain was. US Dept. of Interior response, via Postcard. Thus there is no evidence of there ever being a mountain named Holloway near the Parkway. So it appears that the road was so named because it was used to travel between Grandfather Mountain and the Globe where Holloway's church was located.
Holloway Mountain Road sign replaced a detour sign on the Blue Ridge Parkway where present-day Holloway Mountain Road passes, just north of Grandfather Mountain. Map shows complete path of the road today; two miles of gravel connects the Parkway with Church Mountain Road and Highway 105; the remaining one mile is paved and connects the Parkway with Route 221 between Blowing Rock and Banner Elk. The latter portion served as the detour road to Route 221 while the Linn Cove Viaduct portion of the Blue Ridge Parkway was completed (1982).
National Park Service Sign honoring Rufus Lenoir Gwyn where Blue Ridge Parkway passes over Holloway Mountain Road.
Grandfather Mountain
View of Grandfather Mountain from the present end of Holloway Mountain Road, The crooked unpaved road may have originally extended all the way to Little Mulberry Creek in the vicinity of Collettsville and Holloway Mountain. Present day map shows towns Collettsville and Olivette and Holloway Mountain along Route 90 west of Lenoir NC.
Topographical Map, mapped and published by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1956, shows location of Holloway Mountain just east of Olivette and north of Hood Chapel. Scale of map is 1:24 000.
According to the Oct 8, 1852 Minutes of the 4th Quarterly Conference Minutes, Lenoir Circuit 1841-1869, George died after a three week illness. His last words were "O happy place, hard struggling to get there." Memorial Notice.
Caldwell County NC was formed in 1841 from Burke Co. (see present day map for location).
The gravesite of George is likely in an old cemetery called The Old Mount Olivet Church Cemetery. The church was moved after 1870 to its current location. In late 1980's an Oleta Johnson described the location of the cemetery as south of Highway 90 about a half mile along Greasy Creek Road to the top of a hill. There are 16 unmarked graves in the yard of a home. This is also where Holloway's Chapel would have stood.
Sources:
Alexander, Nancy, Here Will I Dwell, The Story of Caldwell County, 1956.
"Burke County, N.C. List of Taxables" abstracted by Ransom McBride, in NCGSJ, Nov 1982, p. 231.
Burke Co. NC Land Grants, "Land Grants - Burke County", The North Carolina Collection, at Morganton-Burke County Public Library, transcribed by George M. Holloway.
His will, Bk 1, p. 60, Caldwell Co., Lenoir Ct. House, dated Nov. 8, 1843, proved by 1853.
Holloway, George, record keeper, "Holloway Society Papers," 1810,&c,; publ. in Wm Wiseman & the Davenports, Pioneers Of Old Burke County, North Carolina Volume II, by M.L. Vineyard & E.M. Wiseman, Genealogy Publ. Service, Franklin NC, 1997, pp.113-128.
Genealogy Trails, 1790 Census, Burke Co. NC, website, transcribed by Linda Natale, 2020.
Ingmire, Frances T., Marriage Records of Burke Co., NC 1781-1868, p. 13.
McBee, May Wilson, comp., Natchez Court Records, 1767-1805, Greenwood MS, 1953, v. 2, p. 8.
Memorial notice of George Holloway, Minutes of Quarterly Conference, 1841-1869, Methodist Episcopal Church, South Carolina Conference, Lenoir Circuit, NC, entry for Oct 8, 1852. Transcribed by G. Davidson; photocopy provided by Betsy Pittman, Valdese NC.
Scott, W. W., Annals of Caldwell Co., Lenoir NC, 1930, pp. 114-118.
Staley, Linda M., comp., Court of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Caldwell County, North Carolina, The first Six Years 1841-1847, 2nd Ed., publ. by author, p. 85.
U.S. 1800 Census, Burke Co. NC, usgwcensus website, file pg00720.gif, page 754, line 10.
U.S. 1820 Census, Burke Co. NC, USGenWeb website, S-K Publ., page 23, line 29.
U.S. 1850 Census, Caldwell Co. NC, pp. 2, 58.
U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey, Lenoir (N.C.) Quadrangle. topography from aerial photographs taken 1947, field checks 1956, publ. USGS, 1956.
Taggart, Nita L.H., Clarinda, IA, "Descendancy Chart," Morganton NC Libr.
Thomas, Rev. I. W., "A Brief Sketch of the Holloway Family", Transcript of newspaper clipping, Caldwell Co. NC, c. 1918. Author (1848-1922) said article was written from memory. It contains mistakes such as the name of George's father and state of the birthplace of George.
Genealogy Trails, 1790 Census, Burke Co. NC, website.
Wells, Carol, Natchez Postscripts 1781-1798, Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1992, pp. 101, 144-5, 151.
Will of George Holloway, Nov 8, 1843, Will Book A, Caldwell Co. NC, p. 60. No probate recorded, but Robert is described as Executor of George, deceased in a deed transfer in 1853.